Determining primary school teachers’type 2 diabetes risk and healthy lifestyle behaviors

Hatice Serap Koçak, Selma Öncel, Handan Zincir, Emine Ümit Seviğ

Abstract


Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of primary school teachers with a high risk of type 2 diabetes; their healthy lifestyle behaviours and factors associated with diabetes risk.  Method: A descriptive research was conducted with 975 primary school teachers. The Finnish Diabetes Risk Questionnaire (FINDRISK), which evaluates the risk of diabetes, and Health Promotion Life-Style Profile II tools were used. Results: The mean age of thestudygroupwas36.5±7.1 and 50.7% of the subjects were female.  According to the FINDRISK, 5.7% of primary school teachers were at a high risk of diabetes. When the health perception of primary school teacher getting decrease the percentage of the teacher who take 15 and more point from FINDRISK gettingin crease (p<0.05). The mean scores of physical activity and nutrition subscale scores of female teachers were higher than male teachers (p<0.05). Spiritual growth, physical activity, nutrition, interpersonal relationship and stress management subscale scores of single teachers were higher than their married counter parts (p<0.05). The mean scores for physical activity and nutrition subscale scores were found to be higher in women (p<0.05). Physical activity, spiritual growth and stress management scores were defined significantly higher among teachers who defined their health status as very good (p<0.05). A negative correlation was found between healthy lifestyle behaviours and type 2 diabetes risk (r=-0.071, p=0.026).  Conclusions: It was determined that 5.7% of the teachers have a high risk of type 2 diabetes. In general, the level of healthy lifestyle behaviours scale scores were moderate. The most valued and practiced healthy lifestyle behaviour was found to be spiritual growth, while the least practiced one was physical activity. It may be advisable to educate teachers about healthy life style behaviors in order to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Keywords:  Healthy life style, risk of diabetes, primary school teacher


Keywords


Sağlıklı yaşam biçimi ölçeği, Finlandiya diyabet risk anketi, sınıf öğretmeni

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TURKISH JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH - TURK J PUBLIC HEALTH. online-ISSN: 1304-1096 - Print ISSN: 1304-1088 - Copyright holder Turkish Journal of Public Health. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International LicenseCreative Commons License